Copyright © 2005 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
"Passages to Freedom: the Underground Railroad in History and Memory/Frontline of Freedom: African Americans and the Forging of the Underground Railroad in the Ohio Valley." The Annals of Iowa 64 (2005), 68-71.
Available at: https://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol64/iss1/6