Copyright © 2005 State Historical Society of Iowa. This article is posted here for personal use, not for redistribution.
Pfeifer, Michael J. "Law, Society, and Violence in the Antebellum Midwest: the 1857 Eastern Iowa Vigilante Movement." The Annals of Iowa 64 (2005), 139-166.
Available at: https://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol64/iss2/3