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Download Part I. Theoretical Framework 1. What Is an Employee? Why It Does, but Should Not Matter (1.2 MB)

Download Part II. Origins 2. The Scope of the Master-Servant Relationship under Mercantilist and Early Capitalist Legislation Designed to Forge and Discipline the Nascent Proletariat (1.7 MB)

Download Part III. Economic Dependence and Workplace Control in the Nineteenth Century 3. The Boundaries of the Working Class under Nineteenth-Century Protective Statutes (1014 KB)

Download 4. The Origins of the Common-Law Control Test of Employment: Vicarious Liability and Fellow-Servant Rule Cases (1.2 MB)

Download Part IV. Twentieth-Century Conceptual Incoherence 5. The Transition to Modern Protective Legislation: The Ascendancy of the Control Test under Workers' Compensation (479 KB)

Download 6. The Emergence of an Amorphous Economic Reality of Dependence Test in the Wake of New Deal Social Legislation (1.5 MB)

Download 7. Conclusion (677 KB)

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Publication Date



Greenwood Press


New York, USA

Total Pages

xv, 294 pages

ISBN of print version



Master and servant, Labor contract, Independent contractors, Great Britain, Legal history

Rights Information

© 1989 Marc Linder

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

The employment relationship in Anglo-American law: a historical perspective