Dark cure studies of cationic photopolymerizations of epoxides: Characterization of kinetic rate constants at high conversions
Journal of Polymer Science Part A-Polymer Chemistry
DOI of Published Version
The effective propagation rate constant (k(p); averaged over all the propagating active centers) was characterized for solvent-free cationic photopolymerizations of phenyl glycidyl ether over the entire range of conversions, including the high conversion regime in which mass transfer limitations become important. The profile for the k(p) as a function of conversion was found to exhibit a constant plateau value at low to intermediate conversions, followed by a monotonic increase above a threshold value of conversion. To explain this trend, it is proposed that at high conversion the diffusional mobility of the photoinitiator counterion is reduced whereas the mobility of the cationic active center remains high because of reactive diffusion. Therefore, with increasing conversion, the average distance between the active centers and counterions may increase, resulting in an increase in the propagation rate constant. The profiles for the k(p) values were investigated as a function of the temperature, photoinitiator anion, and photoinitiator concentration. As the photoinitiator concentration was increased, the plateau value of the effective propagation rate constant decreased whereas the threshold conversion increased. All of the experimental trends are consistent with the proposed increase in ion separation at high conversions. (C) 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Published Article/Book Citation
Journal of Polymer Science Part A-Polymer Chemistry, 42:17 (2004) pp.4409-4416.