Integrated Approach To Acid Rainfall Assessments.
ACS Division of Environmental Chemistry, Preprints
A tiered approach to the mathematical modeling of acid precipitation, its fate and effects, might include: (1) a steady state susceptibility model to assess long term effects from average annual atmospheric loadings on surface and groundwaters; (2) a dynamic, regional model to assess the role of long range versus point source pollutant loadings for regulatory purposes; and (3) a three-dimensional dynamic event model to assess the maximum environmental insult to a specific ecosystem during critical conditions such as a snow-melt event. An integrated approach is needed which considers the fate of pollutants from their origin through terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems to the ultimate water resource, groundwater. In this study the first step, the steady state model is developed and applied to the northern Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan water resource area.
Published Article/Book Citation
ACS Division of Environmental Chemistry, Preprints, 20:2 (1980) pp.403