Congener-specific tissue distribution of Aroclor 1254 and a highly chlorinated environmental PCB mixture in rats

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Peer Reviewed


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Journal/Book/Conference Title

Environmental Science and Technology

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Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixtures were synthesized and marketed in Eastern European countries, but little is known about their composition, distribution, or toxicity. PCB-contaminated soil from the former production site of the Polish PCB mixture Chlorofen was collected, and the PCBs were extracted. An in vivo study was performed to investigate the PCB tissue distribution and biochemical effects of this soil extract in immature male Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were administered 0.05 mmol/kg soil-extracted PCBs or Aroclor 1254 and sacrificed 7 days later, and congener-specific PCB profiles in selected tissues were determined. Distribution of EPCBs (sum of 120 congeners) in tissues was primarily a function of lipid content of the tissues, except for the spleen, which retained more PCB than other tissues. Multivariate analysis of the PCB congener data showed that (a) congener profiles in tissues had changed, as compared to the parent mixture; (b) disposition and redistribution of individual congeners in vivo differed between both mixtures; and (c) more highly chlorinated congeners were retained in the spleens of both treatment groups. Differences in the induction of cytochrome P-450 1A and 2B subfamilies reflected the homologue composition of the respective mixtures and predict a different toxicity profile for Chlorofen than for Aroclor 1254. 2005 American Chemical Society.

Published Article/Book Citation

Environmental Science and Technology, 39:10 (2005) pp.3513-3520.

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