Document Type


Date of Degree

Summer 2014

Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Degree In

Operative Dentistry

First Advisor

Denehy, Gerald

Second Advisor

Armstrong, Steven R.

First Committee Member

Price, Richard

Second Committee Member

Jessop, Julie

Third Committee Member

Qian, Fang

Fourth Committee Member

Maia, Rodrigo


Objective: To assess the effects of ceramic opacity and thickness on delivered radiant exposure and degree of conversion and microhardness of the light-cured resin cement.

Materials and Methods: IPS e-Max ceramic discs (Ivoclar Vivadent) were fabricated in 3 thicknesses (0.5, 1.0, and 1.5mm) and 4 opacities (HT, LT, MO, HO) (n=3/per group). Light-cured resin cement (Variolink Veneer Luting Cement - shade MVO, Ivoclar Vivadent) 50µm thick was cured through these ceramics disks using a quartz tungsten halogen curing light unit (Optilux 501, Kerr) with its radiant exposure measured by MARC from a fixed distance (1.5mm). Knoop microhardness was used to evaluate the bottom degree of cure and was correlated with the radiant exposure deliverd. Descriptive statistics were conducted. One- and two-way ANOVA with post-hoc Tukey's HSD test, Pearson correlation test, the simple linear regression analysis were used for the statistical analyses (alpha=0.05).

Results: Significant interaction was found between ceramic thickness and opacity on radiant exposure (p=0.0078). Subsequent analyses demonstrated that there was a significant simple effect for opacity and for thickness on radiant exposure under different conditions of thickness and opacity. A significant relationship was found between resin cement microhardness and radiant exposure (p=0.0001) below 4.5 J/cm2. Moreover, the Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.93 indicated a strong correlation between the two variables below 4.5 J/cm2 of radiant exposure delivered.

Conclusion: Ceramic opacity and thickness affect the polymerization of light-cured resin cements and need to be considered and compensated for when bonding indirect restorations. Based upon the findings of this preliminary study, the final study is ongoing.


xii, 104 pages


Includes bibliographical references (pages 99-104).


Copyright 2014 Lamya Alghaith