Date of Degree
MS (Master of Science)
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Swan, Colby C.
First Committee Member
Arora, Jasbir S.
Second Committee Member
Bhatti, M. Asghar
When a truss structure is to be designed two important questions should be answered. First, how should the truss that requires the minimum amount of materials look like? Second, what are the possible members' cross sectional areas that support the applied load safely? In this work those two questions are answered using a two stage optimization process. In stage one, starting with hyper-connected truss ground structures that fully encompass the design region, together with specified support conditions and load cases, the discrete combinations and arrangement of truss members that will yield the lightest and stiffest structure are sought. In the second stage the minimum cross sectional areas of the members that satisfy the imposed constraints are sought. In both stages harmony search algorithms are employed. These represent one of the most recent heuristic, stochastic search optimization methods that, while relatively simple and robust, overcome some of the drawbacks of preceding search techniques such as: the ability to converge to a global optimum, and the ability to optimize non-differentiable and non-continuous functions. The viability of the proposed framework is documented on numerous benchmark problems from the literature.
vii, 73 pages
Includes bibliographical references (pages 72-73).
Copyright 2014 Haitham Farah Al Rabadi
Al Rabadi, Haitham Farah Hanna. "Truss size and topology optimization using harmony search method." MS (Master of Science) thesis, University of Iowa, 2014.