Document Type


Date of Degree

Fall 2014

Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Degree In

Civil and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

Swan, Colby C.

First Committee Member

Arora, Jasbir S.

Second Committee Member

Bhatti, M. Asghar


When a truss structure is to be designed two important questions should be answered. First, how should the truss that requires the minimum amount of materials look like? Second, what are the possible members' cross sectional areas that support the applied load safely? In this work those two questions are answered using a two stage optimization process. In stage one, starting with hyper-connected truss ground structures that fully encompass the design region, together with specified support conditions and load cases, the discrete combinations and arrangement of truss members that will yield the lightest and stiffest structure are sought. In the second stage the minimum cross sectional areas of the members that satisfy the imposed constraints are sought. In both stages harmony search algorithms are employed. These represent one of the most recent heuristic, stochastic search optimization methods that, while relatively simple and robust, overcome some of the drawbacks of preceding search techniques such as: the ability to converge to a global optimum, and the ability to optimize non-differentiable and non-continuous functions. The viability of the proposed framework is documented on numerous benchmark problems from the literature.


vii, 73 pages


Includes bibliographical references (pages 72-73).


Copyright 2014 Haitham Farah Al Rabadi