Date of Degree
MS (Master of Science)
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Hosin "David" Lee
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP) is the largest recycled good in the United States and 80 million tons are recycled yearly, saving taxpayers about $1.5 billion dollars. This paper explores the possibility of utilizing 100% RAP materials in asphalt pavement. Asphalt mixtures are produced at 135°C in a typical asphalt plant. However, at 135°C, not all binder from RAP materials may not become effective for coating aggregates. The main objective of the study is to determine the amount of effective binder available from RAP in the asphalt plant. The 100% RAP mixes have aged binder that can alter mix designs and interaction with virgin binder. In this study, to determine low temperature cracking resistance and fatigue performance, samples were prepared using a 100% RAP mix with no virgin binder and a 100% RAP mix with virgin asphalt binder to achieve the optimum binder content of the mix. Second, to determine the effectiveness of binder from RAP materials, compaction tests were performed by heating RAP materials at various temperatures. It was found that 100% RAP mixes cannot be feasible for field use if additional virgin binder is added to reach the optimum asphalt content. Based on limited test results, the low temperature grade was not within proper limits but the beam fatigue testing results were acceptable. Based on compaction test results, additional heating is needed to increase the effectiveness of asphalt binder from RAP materials.
Aged Binder, Binder Interaction, Fatigue reistance, PG-grading, RAP, Specific Gravity
xi, 67 pages
Includes bibliographical references (pages 66-67).
Copyright 2014 Russell Edgar Carlson IV
Carlson IV, Russell Edgar. "Feasibility of using 100% recycled asphalt pavement mixtures for road construction." MS (Master of Science) thesis, University of Iowa, 2014.