Date of Degree
MS (Master of Science)
First Committee Member
Prineas, John P.
Second Committee Member
Boggess, Thomas F.
Third Committee Member
Arnold, Mark A.
Since the advent of precise semiconductor engineering techniques in the 1960s, considerable effort has been devoted both in academia and private industry to the fabrication and testing of complex structures. In addition to other techniques, molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) has made it possible to create devices with single mono-layer accuracy. This facilitates the design of precise band structures and the selection of specific spectroscopic properties for light source materials.
The applications of such engineered structures have made solid state devices common commercial quantities. These applications include solid state lasers, light emitting diodes and light sensors. Band gap engineering has been used to design emitters for many wavelength bands, including the short wavelength (SWIR) infrared region which ranges from 1.5 to 2.5 μm . Practical devices include sensors operating in the 2-2.5 μm range. When designing such a device, necessary concerns include the required bias voltage, operating current, input impedance and especially for emitters, the wall-plug efficiency. Three types of engineered structures are considered in this thesis. These include GaInAsSb quaternary alloy bulk active regions, GaInAsSb multiple quantum well devices (MQW) and GaInAsSb cascaded light emitting diodes.
The three structures are evaluated according to specific standards applied to emitters of infrared light. The spectral profiles are obtained with photo or electro-luminescence, for the purpose of locating the peak emission wavelength. The peak wavelength for these specimens is in the 2.2-2.5μm window. The emission efficiency is determined by employing three empirical techniques: current/voltage (IV), radiance/current (LI), and carrier lifetime measurements. The first verifies that the structure has the correct electrical properties, by measuring among other parameters the activation voltage. The second is used to determine the energy efficiency of the device, including the wall-plug and quantum efficiencies. The last provides estimates of the relative magnitude of the Shockley Read Hall, radiative and Auger coefficients. These constants illustrate the overall radiative efficiency of the material, by noting comparisons between radiative and non-radiative recombination rates.
Cascaded device, LED, Near Infrared Diode, Semiconductor
xiii, 120 pages
Includes bibliographical references (pages 119-120).
Copyright 2014 Andrew Hudson
Hudson, Andrew Ian. "Output limitations to single stage and cascaded 2-2.5μm light emitting diodes." MS (Master of Science) thesis, University of Iowa, 2014.