DOI

10.17077/etd.lzymza7m

Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Degree

Fall 2016

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In

Psychological and Quantitative Foundations

First Advisor

Altmaier, Elizabeth M.

Second Advisor

Schuh, Kathy

First Committee Member

Liu, Will

Second Committee Member

Ali, Saba

Third Committee Member

Thomas, Volker

Fourth Committee Member

Cretzmeyer, Margaret

Abstract

The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the meaning of formerly homeless Veteran’s male relationships to better understand their participation in intervention programs relying on interpersonal support. Interpretive phenomenological analysis was used to interpret five semi-structured interviews with previously homeless Veterans between the ages of 45-65 with serious mental illness. These men were participating in a peer-support based housing program. Analysis yielded the following five major themes and fourteen subordinate themes: Internalized Role Conflict i) internal conflict, Masculinity as a Barrieri) restricted emotions between men, ii) pride, iii) dominance, and iv) fear of other men, Building Supportive Relationships between Men i) negotiating masculinity, and ii) balancing power in men’s relationships, Experience Accepting Support i) de-shaming, ii) emotional relief, and iii) insight. Experience Giving Support i) strengthen self by supporting other man, and ii) use personal experience to support other men. Implications for providers and programs are discussed, as well as areas for future research.

Public Abstract

This was a study of formerly homeless Veteran men’s experiences with male relationships. The researcher used in-depth interviews with five Veteran men with serious mental illness, ages 45-65, who were participating in a peer support based program for mental illness and homelessness recovery. Using a specific analysis method that balances researcher assumptions with the core of participant experiences, five themes were identified within participants’ accounts. The first three themes Internalized Role Conflict i) internal conflict, Masculinity as a Barrier i) restricted emotions between men, ii) pride, iii) dominance, and iv) fear of other men, and Building Supportive Relationships between Men i) negotiating masculinity, and ii) balancing power in men’s relationships, were major aspects of these men’s experiences that shaped support. The final two themes were Experience Accepting Support i) de-shaming, ii) emotional relief, and iii) insight, and Experience Giving Support i) strengthen self by supporting other man, and ii) use personal experience to support other men. These two themes, within the context of the previous three, gave insight into the experience of seriously mentally ill Veterans recovering from homelessness. Implications for providers and programs are discussed. Areas for future research and how programs and providers might use these results are defined.

Keywords

homelessness, men and masculinity, serious mental illness, Veterans

Pages

vii, 170 pages

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 153-170).

Copyright

Copyright © 2016 Christopher F. Manlick

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