Date of Degree
PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)
Psychological and Quantitative Foundations
Stewart W. Ehly
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
Fourth Committee Member
The purpose of the current study was to determine if there are potential mediating factors to a student being victimized by school violence. Results from 5,409 middle school and high school student participants who completed the 2007 School Crime Supplement of the National Crime Victimization Survey, a nationally collected survey on victimization, were used to determine if there was a relationship between student victimization and extracurricular activity involvement. Specifically, the questions about victimization (bullying), extracurricular activity involvement, a relationship with an adult at school, and a relationship with a friend were used. Seven specific types of extracurricular activities (athletic teams, spirit groups, performing arts groups, academic clubs, student government, community service/volunteer clubs, and other) were examined to determine if a specific type of extracurricular activity might be related to lower victimization scores. Relationships with an adult and a peer were examined in association with a student's involvement in extracurricular activities. Reported victimization status was also explored in connection with the student's relationships with an adult and peer.
The results of this study indicate statistically significant relations among many of the variables above. However, the large sample size was the reason for the significant findings. The results indicate that protecting a student from victimization may not be a benefit of extracurricular involvement; however, extracurricular activities may be a useful tool to connect students to friends and caring adults at school.
bully, extracurricular activities, National Crime Victimization Survey, School Crime Supplement, school violence, victim
vi, 145 pages
Includes bibliographical references (pages 136-145).
Copyright 2011 Sharon Llewellyn Clark
Clark, Sharon Llewellyn. "Factors related to school violence victimization: the role of extracurricular activities." PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) thesis, University of Iowa, 2011.