Document Type


Date of Degree

Spring 2018

Access Restrictions

Access restricted until 07/03/2020

Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Degree In

Oral Science

First Advisor

Sousa Melo, Saulo Leonardo

First Committee Member

Hoffman, Eric A

Second Committee Member

Cavalcanti, Bruno das Neves

Third Committee Member

Allareddy, Veeratrishul


Introduction: Increasing the imaging demand in the dental field has lead to a dramatic increase in the number of CBCT machines in the U.S. market with a variety of new models and features, as well as different radiation exposures. These differences in exposure among the different CBCT machines and the potential for radiation accumulation over a life time are major concerns for aiming for a reduction in patients’ radiation exposure. Most of the studies have aimed to measure the radiation dose in different CBCT units with different field of views. Up to date, few studies have aimed to measure the radiation dose in different CBCT devices with similar fields of view. The aim of the study was to compare the dosimetry levels with relatively small FOV in different scan protocols in two CBCT units.

Materials and methods: A 16-cm diameter PMMA phantom with 10-cm pencil ionization chamber were used to measure the radiation exposure from two CBCT devices: i-CAT FLX and CS9000. A smallest FOV in both CBCT (8 x 8 cm in the i-CAT FLX and 5 x 3.7 cm in the CS9000) was selected at different scan protocols. The scan settings included in the i-CAT FLX HD (120 kVp; 5 mA; 7.4 sec; 0.125, 0.250, 0.200 mm voxel sizes; 360° rotation) Quick HD (120 kVp; 5 mA; 4.1 sec; 0.200, 0.250 mm voxel sizes; 180° rotation), Quick+ (90 kVp; 3 mA; 2 sec; 0.300, 0.400 mm voxel sizes; 180° rotation) , Quick (120 kVp; 5 mA; 2 sec; 0.300, 0.400 mm voxel sizes; 180° rotation), and standard scans (120 kVp; 5 mA; 3.7 sec; 0.300, 0.400 mm voxel sizes; 360° rotation). In the CS9000 scan settings included voxel sizes (CS9000: 0.076 mm, 0.100 mm, and 0.200 mm), 80 kVp, 10 mA, 10.8 sec, and 360° rotation. The phantom was exposed three times at the same position to calculate the average measurement of dose by the ionization chamber. All the radiation exposure doses were read by one examiner.

Results: The radiation exposure of the phantom slots in different resolutions and scan protocols in the both CBCT units ranged from 4.31 to 60.73 mR. There were statistically significant differences in radiation value between i-CAT FLX and CS9000 due to voxel size (P < 0.001). Each voxel size was significantly different from the other in both scanners, except between CS9000 0.076 and HD 0.125; CS9000 0.200 and HD 0.125; and CS9000 0.100 and HD 0.200. Also, there were no statistically significant differences between the voxel size within the same scan protocols in the i-CAT FLX, especially the Quick HD, Quick+, Quick, and Standard scans.

Conclusion: The selection of x-ray parameters (mainly scan time), voxel size, and rotation angle have a significant radiation expsoure reduction in both the i-CAT FLX and CS9000 units and hence should be appropriately selected to minimize the radiation dose.


cone beam computed tomography, radiation exposure


ix, 34 pages


Includes bibliographical references (pages 24-27).


Copyright © 2018 Daniah Mansour Alhazmi