Date of Degree
PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)
Anderson, Daniel D
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
Fourth Committee Member
Factorization theory is concerned with the decomposition of mathematical objects. Such an object could be a polynomial, a number in the set of integers, or more generally an element in a ring. A classic example of a ring is the set of integers. If we take any two integers, for example 2 and 3, we know that $2 \cdot 3=3\cdot 2$, which shows that multiplication is commutative. Thus, the integers are a commutative ring. Also, if we take any two integers, call them $a$ and $b$, and their product $a\cdot b=0$, we know that $a$ or $b$ must be $0$. Any ring that possesses this property is called an integral domain. If there exist two nonzero elements, however, whose product is zero we call such elements zero divisors. This thesis focuses on factorization in commutative rings with zero divisors.
In this work we extend the theory of factorization in commutative rings to polynomial rings with zero divisors. For a commutative ring $R$ with identity and its polynomial extension $R[X]$ the following questions are considered: if one of these rings has a certain factorization property, does the other? If not, what conditions must be in place for the answer to be yes? If there are no suitable conditions, are there counterexamples that demonstrate a polynomial ring can possess one factorization property and not another? Examples are given with respect to the properties of atomicity and ACCP. The central result is a comprehensive characterization of when $R[X]$ is a unique factorization ring.
commutative ring theory, factorization, polynomial rings, zero divisors
v, 80 pages
Includes bibliographical references (pages 79-80).
Copyright © 2018 Ranthony A.C. Edmonds
Edmonds, Ranthony A.C.. "Factorization in polynomial rings with zero divisors." PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) thesis, University of Iowa, 2018.