Document Type


Date of Degree

Summer 2012

Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Degree In

Civil and Environmental Engineering

First Advisor

Craig L. Just

First Committee Member

Craig L Just

Second Committee Member

Gene F Parkin

Third Committee Member

David M Cwiertny


In this study we compare the ability of nitrifying activated sludge (NAS) and nitrifying trickling filter (NTF) wastewater treatment to remove the following contaminants: acetaminophen, caffeine, 1,7-dimethylxanthine, cotinine, ibuprofen, sulfamethoxazole, triclosan, and trimethoprim. Removal of acetaminophen, cotinine and caffeine was greater than 99% and removal 1,7-dimethylxanthine, ibuprofen, and triclosan was greater than 90% using NAS and NTF treatment. Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim were inadequately removed in both NAS and NTF treatments. The horizontal, subsurface flow treatment wetland showed removals of 45-89% for sulfamethoxazole and greater than 96% for trimethoprim. There was no statistical difference (P>0.05) between aeration, temperature and vegetation in the treatment wetland for the removal of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim.


antimicrobials, cold climate, pharmaceuticals, sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, wastewater treatment wetland


vi, 35 pages


Includes bibliographical references (pages 33-35).


Copyright 2012 Emily Kristine Gorsalitz