#### DOI

10.17077/etd.1x8nva1s

#### Document Type

Dissertation

#### Date of Degree

Fall 2012

#### Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

#### Degree In

Applied Mathematical and Computational Sciences

#### First Advisor

Zhang, Xiaoyi

#### Second Advisor

Li, Dong

#### First Committee Member

Zhang, Xiaoyi

#### Second Committee Member

Li, Dong

#### Third Committee Member

Li, Tong

#### Fourth Committee Member

Jorgensen, Palle

#### Fifth Committee Member

Strohmer, Gerhard

#### Abstract

In this thesis, we will study non-linear dispersive equations. The primary focus will be on the construction of the positive-time wave operator for such equations. The positive-time wave operator problem arises in the study of the asymptotics of a partial differential equation. It is a map from a space of initial data *X* into itself, and is loosely defined as follows: Suppose that for a solution Ψ_{lin} to the dispersive equation with no non-linearity and initial data Ψ_{+} there exists a unique solution Ψ to the non-linear equation with initial data Ψ_{O} such that Ψ behaves as Ψ_{lin} as *t*→ ∞. Then the wave operator is the map W _{+} that takes Ψ_{+}/sub; to Ψ_{0}.

By its definition, W_{+} is injective. An important additional question is whether or not the map is also surjective. If so, then every non-linear solution emanating from *X* behaves, in some sense, linearly as it evolves (this is known as asymptotic completeness). Thus, there is some justification for treating these solutions as their much simpler linear counterparts.

The main results presented in this thesis revolve around the construction of the wave operator(s) at critical non-linearities. We will study the #8220; semi-relativistic ” Schrëdinger equation as well as the Klein-Gordon-Schrëdinger system on R^{2}. In both cases, we will impose fairly general quadratic non-linearities for which conservation laws cannot be relied upon. These non-linearities fall below the scaling required to employ such tools as the Strichartz estimates. We instead adapt the "first iteration method" of Jang, Li, and Zhang to our setting which depends crucially on the critical decay of the non-linear interaction of the linear evolution. To see the critical decay in our problem, careful analysis is needed to treat the regime where one has spatial and/or time resonance.

#### Keywords

dispersive equations, Klein-Gordon, Schrodinger, wave operator

#### Pages

v, 96 pages

#### Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 95-96).

#### Copyright

Copyright 2012 Kai Erik Tsuruta

#### Recommended Citation

Tsuruta, Kai Erik. "Construction of the wave operator for non-linear dispersive equations." PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) thesis, University of Iowa, 2012.

https://doi.org/10.17077/etd.1x8nva1s