Document Type


Date of Degree

Spring 2014

Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Degree In

Human Toxicology

First Advisor

Jerald Schnoor

First Committee Member

Larry Robertson

Second Committee Member

Hans-Joachim Lehmler


2,2',3,5',6-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB95) is a chiral congener of the persistent organic pollutants (POPs) family of PCBs. It has been shown that chiral PCBs can be enantioselectively transformed into hydroxylated metabolites by cytochrome P450 in animals. Previous studies in our group suggested that PCB 95 can be enantioselectively translocated and metabolized in whole poplar plants. In this work, healthy whole poplar plants were hydroponically exposed to PCB95 for 30 days. Two unknown OH-PCB95 metabolites were detected in the roots by HPLC-MS. Different chromatographic and spectrometry techniques, including HPLC-MS, NMR and GC-MS, were tried to determine the structure of the more abundant metabolite of the two. It was identified to be 4'-OH-PCB95 (4'-95) by GC-MS method. The data show that PCB95 can be transformed into at least two hydroxylated metabolites by whole poplar plants, with one of them being 4'-95. Chiral analysis of 4'-95 by HPLC-MS showed slightly more abundance of the second eluting enantiomer E2-4'-95 in the roots, suggesting that the biotransformation of PCB95 to 4'-95 is enantioselective. Comparison with animal studies shows a distinct metabolite profile in whole poplar plants.


GC-MS, HPLC-MS, NMR, OH-PCB95, Whole Poplar Plants


ix, 67 pages


Includes bibliographical references (pages 52-56).


Copyright 2014 Cunxian Ma

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Toxicology Commons