Document Type


Date of Degree

Spring 2017

Degree Name

MA (Master of Arts)

Degree In


First Advisor

Monica Correia

First Committee Member

Robert Bork

Second Committee Member

Jeremy Swantson


A detailed account of how failure can lead to success. Through my attempts to design a chair, I developed a method of bending plywood using Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) routing. Ultimately, I considered my chair a failure. The method I had developed to wood was not suitable for my chair because it left the material too flexible. Determined to find another application for my wood bending method, I applied it to a new series of lamps. Bending thin plywood with a similar cut pattern on the CNC Laser cutter gave the perfect balance of flexibility and strength for lamp shades. Simple as the new lamps may be, they leave numerous possibilities for development in scale and shape.


vi, 37 pages


Includes bibliographical references (page 37).


Copyright © 2017 Sarah Margaret Gutowski

Included in

Art Practice Commons