#### DOI

10.17077/etd.dysxly3f

#### Document Type

Dissertation

#### Date of Degree

Summer 2017

#### Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

#### Degree In

Mathematics

#### First Advisor

Chifan, Ionut

#### First Committee Member

Baker, Richard

#### Second Committee Member

Camillo, Victor

#### Third Committee Member

Jorgensen, Palle

#### Fourth Committee Member

Khurana, Surjit

#### Abstract

Chifan, Kida, and myself introduced a new class of non-amenable groups denoted by ${\bf NC} \cap {\bf Quot}(\mathcal C_{rss})$ which gives rise to \emph{prime} von Neumann algebras. This means that for every $\G\in {\bf NC} \cap {\bf Quot}(\mathcal C_{rss})$ its group von Neumann algebra $L(\G)$ cannot be decomposed as a tensor product of diffuse von Neumann algebras. The class ${\bf NC} \cap {\bf Quot}(\mathcal C_{rss})$ is fairly large as it contains many natural examples of groups, some intensively studied in various areas of mathematics: all infinite central quotients of pure surface braid groups; all mapping class groups of (punctured) surfaces of genus $0,1,2$; most Torelli groups and Johnson kernels of (punctured) surfaces of genus $0,1,2$; and, all groups hyperbolic relative to finite families of residually finite, exact, infinite, proper subgroups.

In a separate investigation, de Santiago and myself were able to extend the previous techniques that allowed us to eliminate the usage of the {\bf NC} condition and ultimately classify all the possible tensor factorization of the von Neumann algebras of groups that belong solely to ${\bf Quot}(\mathcal C_{rss})$. This provides a far-reaching generalization of the aforementioned primeness results; for instance, we were able to show that if $\Gamma$ is a poly-hyperbolic group, then whenever we have a tensor decomposition $L(\G)\cong P_1\bar\otimes P_2 \bar \otimes \cdots \bar\otimes P_n$ then there exists a product decomposition $\G\cong \G_1\times \G_2 \times \cdots \times \G_n$ with $\G_i \in {\bf Quot}(\mathcal C_{rss})$ and, up to amplifications, we have $L(\G_i)\cong P_i$ for all $i=1,n$.

#### Keywords

Functional Analysis, Operator Theory, von Neumann Algebra

#### Pages

v, 85 pages

#### Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 78-85).

#### Copyright

Copyright © 2017 Sujan Pant

#### Recommended Citation

Pant, Sujan. "Structural results in group von Neumann algebra." PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) thesis, University of Iowa, 2017.

https://doi.org/10.17077/etd.dysxly3f