Document Type


Date of Degree

Fall 2017

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In

Applied Mathematical and Computational Sciences

First Advisor

Polyzou, Wayne N.

Second Advisor

Jorgensen, Palle E. T.

First Committee Member

Polyzou, Wayne N.

Second Committee Member

Jorgensen, Palle E.

Third Committee Member

Muhly, Paul S.

Fourth Committee Member

Rodgers, Vincent G.

Fifth Committee Member

Baker, Richard


One recipe for mathematically formulating a relativistic quantum mechanical scattering theory utilizes a two-Hilbert space approach, denoted by $\mathcal{H}$ and $\mathcal{H}_{0}$, upon each of which a unitary representation of the Poincaré Lie group is given. Physically speaking, $\mathcal{H}$ models a complicated interacting system of particles one wishes to understand, and $\mathcal{H}_{0}$ an associated simpler (i.e., free/noninteracting) structure one uses to construct 'asymptotic boundary conditions" on so-called scattering states in $\mathcal{H}$. Simply put, $\mathcal{H}_{0}$ is an attempted idealization of $\mathcal{H}$ one hopes to realize in the large time limits $t\rightarrow\pm\infty$.

The above considerations lead to the study of the existence of strong limits of operators of the form $e^{iHt}Je^{-iH_{0}t}$, where $H$ and $H_{0}$ are self-adjoint generators of the time translation subgroup of the unitary representations of the Poincaré group on $\mathcal{H}$ and $\mathcal{H}_{0}$, and $J$ is a contrived mapping from $\mathcal{H}_{0}$ into $\mathcal{H}$ that provides the internal structure of the scattering asymptotes.

The existence of said limits in the context of Euclidean quantum theories (satisfying precepts known as the Osterwalder-Schrader axioms) depends on the choice of $J$ and leads to a marvelous connection between this formalism and a beautiful area of classical mathematical analysis known as the Stieltjes moment problem, which concerns the relationship between numerical sequences $\{\mu_{n}\}_{n=0}^{\infty}$ and the existence/uniqueness of measures $\alpha(x)$ on the half-line satisfying





Euclidean Quantum Scattering, Mathematical Physics, Moment Problem, Quantum Theory, Scattering Theory, Theoretical Physics


viii, 115 pages


Includes bibliographical references (pages 112-115).


Copyright © 2017 Gordon J. Aiello