Document Type


Date of Degree

Fall 2017

Access Restrictions

Access restricted until 01/31/2020

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In


First Advisor

Schwalm, Leslie

First Committee Member

Dabel, Jane

Second Committee Member

Moore, Michael

Third Committee Member

Midtrod, Tom

Fourth Committee Member

Stromquist, Shelton


My dissertation examines the families of Civil War African American soldiers in the nineteenth and twentieth-century. The project applies gender and sociological methodologies to case studies of Northern African American soldiers to explore how African American families used military service to reframe societal debates of gender. Using these methodologies, I have uncovered the contested debates of what gender meant, not only for Northern African Americans but also for whites. By supporting black military service, African American family members attempted to have their gender recognized equal to whites, instead of as inferior.

Numerous advocates of enlistment championed military service as the vehicle to have white society recognize black humanity and citizenship claims. But enlistment idealism and the hardships of service ignored the material realities of working-class Northern black families. Military service caused financial instability to numerous working-class Northern black families as their male kin sacrificed their lives in the Civil war.


Black, Citizenship, Civil War, Families, Gender, Race


viii, 268 pages


Includes bibliographical references (pages 248-268).


Copyright © 2017 Holly Anthony Pinheiro

Available for download on Friday, January 31, 2020

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