DOI

10.17077/etd.s5tr9vfj

Document Type

Thesis

Date of Degree

Spring 2018

Degree Name

MA (Master of Arts)

Degree In

Geography

First Advisor

Linderman, Marc

First Committee Member

Bennett, David A.

Second Committee Member

Koylu, Caglar

Abstract

Land cover mapping is an important part of resource management, planning, and economic predictions. Improvements in remote sensing, machine learning, image processing, and object based image analysis (OBIA) has made the process of identifying land cover types increasingly faster and reliable but these advances are unable to utilize the amount of information encompassed within ultra-high (sub-meter) resolution imagery.

Previously, users have typically reduced the resolution of imagery in an attempt to more closely represent the interpretation or object scale in an image and rid the image of any extraneous information within the image that may cause the OBIA process to identify too small of objects when performing semi-automated delineation of objects based on an images’ properties (Mas et al., 2015; Eiesank et al., 2014; Hu et al., 2010). There have been few known attempts to try and maximize this detailed information in high resolution imagery using advanced textural components.

In this study we try to circumnavigate the inherent problems associated with high resolution imagery by combining well researched data transformations that aid the OBIA process with a seldom used texture transformation in Geographic Object Based Image Analyses (GEOBIA) known as the Gabor Transform and the hierarchal organization of landscapes. We will observe the difference made in segmentation and classification accuracy of a random forest classifier when we fuse a Gabor transformed image to a Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), high resolution multi-spectral imagery (RGB and NIR) and Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) derived canopy height model (CHM) within a riparian area in Southeast Iowa. Additionally, we will observe the effects on classification accuracy when adding multi-scale land cover data to objects. Both, the addition of hierarchical information and Gabor textural information, could aid the GEOBIA process in delineating and classifying the same objects that human experts would delineate within this riparian landscape.

Keywords

Gabor, Hierarchical Structures, Object Based Image Analysis, Random Forest, Texture Analysis

Pages

ix, 78 pages

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 70-78).

Copyright

Copyright © 2018 Kain Markus Kutz

Included in

Geography Commons

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