DOI

10.17077/etd.cz731ibh

Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Degree

Summer 2018

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In

Physics

First Advisor

Wohlgenannt, Markus

First Committee Member

Merlino, Robert L.

Second Committee Member

Andersen, David

Third Committee Member

Toor, Fatima

Fourth Committee Member

Rybicki, James

Abstract

This thesis consists of three main studies: magnetic field effects in thermally activated delayed fluorescent (TADF) organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), magnetic field effects in bipolar and unipolar polythiophene (P3HT) devices and a study of hybrid organic/inorganic perovskite devices.

Spin-dependent transport and recombination processes of spin-pair species have been detected by magnetic field effect (MFE) technique in carbon-based semi- conductor devices. Magneto-electroluminescence (MEL) and magneto-conductivity have been measured as a function of the applied magnetic field, B, in light emitting diodes. TADF materials have been used instead of simple fluorescent materials in OLEDs. We have observed very large magnetic response with TADF materials.

The second study is magnetic field effects of regio-regular P3HT based OLED devices. P3HT is a well known semiconducting polymer, and its electrical properties such as magneto-conductance can be affected by an applied magnetic field. P3HT was chosen because it exhibits a sign change in magnetoresistance (MR) as the bias is increased. Unipolar and bipolar devices have been fabricated with different electrode materials to understand which model can be best to explain organic magnetoresistance effect, possibly depending on the operating regime of the device. Transport and luminescence spectroscopies were studied to isolate the different mechanisms and identify their fingerprints.

The third study is on hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite devices. With the potential of achieving very high efficiencies and the very low production costs, perovskite solar cells have become commercially attractive. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images and absorption spectrum of the films were compared in single-step solution, two-step solution and solution-assisted vapor deposition techniques. Grain size, morphology and thickness parameters of perovskite films were studied within these techniques. Perovskite solar cells were fabricated and their efficiencies were measured.

Keywords

magnetic field effects on OLEDs, organic electronics, organic-inorganic perovskite solar cells, organic light emitting diodes, spintronics

Pages

xiii, 113 pages

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 97-113).

Comments

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Copyright

Copyright © 2018 Kevser Sahin Tiras

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