Date of Degree
PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
Fourth Committee Member
The ability to take in one’s environment, integrate relevant information, and then act appropriately is an incredibly complex feat that organisms do continuously. Disruption in the ability to think and act clearly, or cognitive dysfunction, is a debilitating aspect of neuropsychiatric diseases like schizophrenia. The prefrontal cortex and the striatum are key brain regions for functional and dysfunctional cognition, but the way that they interact to allow for cognitive processing is poorly understood.
To get at these questions, I manipulated and recorded from medial frontal and striatal neurons—frontostriatal ensembles—while rats engaged in interval timing, an elementary cognitive function that engages both areas. I report four main results. First, ramping activity—a gradual, consistent change in neuronal firing rate across time—is observed throughout frontostriatal ensembles. Secondly, medial frontal areas dynamically reflect changing temporal conditions during learning and precede these same changes in striatal areas. Thirdly, interval timing and striatal ramping activity are disrupted when the medial frontal cortex is inactivated. Finally, this behavioral impairment can be reduced by optogenetic stimulation of frontostriatal terminals.
My results support the view that striatal neurons integrate medial frontal activity and suggest a possible mechanism—ramping activity—through which neurons might represent the passage of time. These observations elucidate temporal processing in frontostriatal circuits and provide insight into how the medial frontal cortex exerts top-down control of cognitive processing in the striatum. My hope is that these findings will contribute to a clearer understanding of basic cognitive processing and might inform future approaches to treatments that address cognitive dysfunction.
behavior, electrophysiology, interval timing, optogenetics, prefrontal cortex, striatum
xiii, 154 pages
Includes bibliographical references (pages 138-154).
Copyright © 2018 Eric Blockhus Emmons
Emmons, Eric Blockhus. "The role of frontostriatal circuits in basic cognitive processing." PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) thesis, University of Iowa, 2018.