DOI

10.17077/etd.wwur-gtke

Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Degree

Fall 2018

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In

Molecular and Cell Biology

First Advisor

Geyer, Pamela K.

First Committee Member

Klingelhutz, Aloysius J.

Second Committee Member

Pufall, Miles A.

Third Committee Member

Manak, John R.

Fourth Committee Member

Cornell, Robert A.

Fifth Committee Member

Geyer, Pamela K.

Abstract

Drosophila HP1 and Insulator Partner Protein 1 (HIPP1) is the homologue of the human co-repressor Chromodomain Y family of proteins that repress neuronal gene expression in mammals. HIPP1 was identified by its extensive co-localization with Heterochromatin Protein 1a (HP1a) in heterochromatic regions of the genome and insulator binding proteins in euchromatic regions. The majority of HIPP1 binding to euchromatin is at binding sites for Drosophila Suppressor of Hairy-wing [Su(Hw)]. Su(Hw) is a zinc finger DNA binding protein that functions as an insulator, activator, and repressor. Transcriptional regulation by Su(Hw) is essential in the ovary and testis, where Su(Hw) functions primarily as a repressor of neuronal genes. However, the mechanism of Su(Hw) dependent repression is not clear. The focus of my thesis work has been defining the role of HIPP1 in development and its contribution to Su(Hw) function and heterochromatin formation. As part of this work, CRISPR was used to generate multiple Hipp1 null alleles and a tagged derivative of the endogenous gene (Hipp1GFP). Hipp1 null flies were found to be viable. Study of HIPP1 expression revealed it is present in most tissues and restricted to the nucleus. HIPP1 showed limited colocalization with HP1a, and tests of repression of transgenes in heterochromatin suggested that HIPP1 is not required for heterochromatin formation. Investigations of HIPP1 binding revealed that Su(Hw) is responsible for the majority of HIPP1 recruitment to euchromatin. Despite this, HIPP1 was found to be dispensable for the transcriptional and insulator functions of Su(Hw) as well as for female and male fertility. These data indicate that HIPP1 is not a critical Su(Hw) cofactor. Further studies are needed to clarify the role of HIPP1 in Drosophila development.

Keywords

Architectural Protein, HIPP1, Insulator Protein, Su(Hw), Suppressor of Hairy-wing

Pages

vii, 121 pages

Bibliography

Includes bibliographical references (pages 113-121).

Copyright

Copyright © 2018 Steve Ehren Glenn

Included in

Cell Biology Commons

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