Date of Degree
PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
Fourth Committee Member
Neurological disorders, such as epilepsy, often result from inherited or newly acquired genetic mutations. However, individuals possessing the exact same disease-causing mutations can exhibit dramatic differences in the severity of their symptoms. These differences can be explained in part by environmental factors, such as the microbes in our gut, that play an important role in the manifestation of disease symptoms. Within the last decade, microbes living in the gut have established themselves as an environmental factor with profound effects on our health and well-being. Of special interest is the relationship between the gut microbiota and neurological disease. The goal of my thesis was to: 1) characterize the gut microbiota composition and 2) understand how the gut microbiota modulates seizure-like behavior using Shudderer, a fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) model of epilepsy. Shudderer flies possess a mutation in the voltage-gated sodium channel gene and display seizure-like behavioral abnormalities including spontaneous tremors and heat-induced seizures. We identified differences in the microbial composition of the gut microbiota between Shudderer and control (healthy) flies. We also found that by removing the gut microbiota we could improve seizure-like behavior of Shudderer flies as well as another Drosophila mutant harboring a similar genetic mutation. Together, these findings provide evidence that a bidirectional interaction exists between the gut microbiota and neurological function. Since the molecular and cellular mechanisms controlling basic biological processes are highly conserved between fruit flies and humans, these findings are expected to be applicable to mammalian systems, including humans, and may lead to the future development of novel therapeutics to treat epilepsy and other neurological disorders.
antioxidant system, Drosophila, microbiota, seizure, voltage-gated sodium channel
xii, 104 pages
Includes bibliographical references (pages 90-104).
Copyright © 2018 Patrick Arthur Lansdon
Lansdon, Patrick Arthur. "Bidirectional communication between the brain and gut microbiota in Shudderer, a Drosophila Nav channel mutant." PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) thesis, University of Iowa, 2018.