Document Type


Date of Degree

Spring 2019

Access Restrictions

Access restricted until 07/29/2020

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In


First Advisor

Iovanov, Miodrag C

First Committee Member

Bleher, Frauke

Second Committee Member

Camillo, Victor

Third Committee Member

Kinser, Ryan

Fourth Committee Member

Muhly, Paul


An algebra $A$ over a field $\K$ is said to be \textit{invertible} if it has a basis $\B$ consisting only of of units; if $\B^{-1}$ is again a basis, $A$ is \textit{invertible-2}, or \textit{I2}. The question of when an invertible algebra is necessarily I2 arises naturally. The study of these algebras was recently initiated by Lòpez-Permouth, Moore, Szabo, Pilewski \cite{lopezIJM}, \cite{lopez1}. In this work, we prove several positive results on this problem, answering also some questions and generalizing a few results from these papers. We show that every field is an I2 algebra over any subfield, and that any subalgebra of the rational functions field $K(x)$ that strictly contains $K[x]$, with $K$ an algebraically closed field, has a symmetric basis $\B=\B^{-1}$. Using this, we expand the class of examples of algebras known to be invertible or I2 with several classes, such as semiprimary rings over fields $K\neq \F_2$ satisfying some additional mild conditions. We also show that every commutative, finitely generated, invertible algebra without zero divisors is almost I2 in the sense that it becomes I2 after localization at a single element.


good ring, I2 algebra, invertible algebra, invertible ring, sum of units


vii, 72 pages


Includes bibliographical references (pages 71-72).


Copyright © 2019 Jeremy R. Edison

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Mathematics Commons