Date of Degree
Access restricted until 07/29/2021
PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)
Psychological and Quantitative Foundations
Wojciak, Armeda J
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
Fourth Committee Member
Scholars have utilized the Minority Stress Model to explore external and internal stressors, coping mechanisms, social support and mental health outcomes for sexually marginalized populations. However, scarce studies examine Latinx sexually marginalized experiences and associations within the model. Thus, the goal of this study was to integrate sexually marginalized Latinx experiences in the Minority Stress Model. The theoretical frameworks utilized were Minority Stress Theory, Intersectionality and Experiential Theory rooted in the Couple and Family Therapy field. First, an explanation of the Minority Stress Model, influences of prominent Latinx cultural factors (i.e., tradition, familism, gender, and acculturation) in model processes, and a proposed Latinx Minority Stress Model is provided. Further, clinical implications are discussed through intersectional multicultural competency and Experiential Theory techniques.
Second, a quantitative study with a sample comprised of 76 Latinx lesbian women in romantic relationships will be discussed. Regression analysis indicated that participants with family closeness and positive romantic relationship quality reported lower internalized heterosexism (i.e., internal stress). Additionally, higher internalized heterosexism outcomes predicted higher reports of anxiety and depression. Positive relationship quality perception also statistically mediated internalized heterosexist thoughts and depression. Implications for clinical work are discussed using Experiential Theory. Finally, research and clinical implications are examined through an integration of the proposed Latinx Minority Stress Model and quantitative analysis results. Limitations and future directions are discussed.
Couple and Family Therapy, Intersectionality, Latinx, LGBTQ, Minority Stress, Multicultural Competency
ix, 115 pages
Includes bibliographical references.
Copyright © 2019 Dumayi Maria Gutierrez
Gutierrez, Dumayi Maria. "Adapting and utilizing the minority stress model: adding sexually marginalized Latinx voices and cultural factors." PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) thesis, University of Iowa, 2019.
Available for download on Thursday, July 29, 2021