Document Type


Date of Degree

Spring 2019

Access Restrictions

Access restricted until 07/29/2021

Degree Name

MS (Master of Science)

Degree In

Oral Science

First Advisor

Allareddy, Veeratrishul

Second Advisor

Xie, Xian Jin

First Committee Member

Anamali, Sindhura

Second Committee Member

Shin, Kyungsup


Introduction: The use of CBCT to visualize the relationship between the inferior alveolar canal and the mandibular third molar roots continues to grow as it is becoming the standard of care. It becomes important to understand the impact that luminance, one of the factors that affects the viewing conditions of digital images, has on appropriately assessing the third molar-canal relationship. To date, no study has assessed the impact of luminance on visualizing anatomic structures on CBCT. The aim of this study is to determine if there is a difference in the ability to appropriately assess the root development and the third molar-canal relationship on a medical grade monitor with four different luminance settings on CBCT.

Materials and methods: 285 scans were randomized and evaluated by three calibrated and masked evaluators. The evaluations were completed on a Barco MDNC-3321 Nio Color 3MP monitor (Kortrijk, Belgium) monitor at four different luminance settings; 200 cd/m2, 300 cd/m2, 400 cd/m2, and 500 cd/m2. The gold standard was established by two board-certified oral and maxillofacial radiologists. All evaluations were performed in a controlled subdued environment lighting of less than 15 lux. There was a washout period of at least one week between each of the four evaluations by an observer.

Results: The accuracy of two of the three evaluators was substantial to almost perfect independent of luminance. None of these assessments showed any statistical significance (P = 0.05). The accuracy of one evaluator was moderate to almost perfect for all evaluations with one assessment of one canal showing statistical significance (P = 0.05).

Conclusion: There is no difference in the ability to appropriately assess the third molar canal relationship or the root development of third molars on a medical grade monitor at luminance settings between the range of 200 cd/m2 and 500 cd/m2 when viewed in a dimly lit room.


cone beam computed tomography, inferior alveolar canal, oral surgery


vii, 43 pages


Includes bibliographical references (pages 41-43).


Copyright © 2019 Joshua J. Orgill

Available for download on Thursday, July 29, 2021