Date of Degree
Access restricted until 09/04/2020
PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)
Vander Weg, Mark
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
Fourth Committee Member
Reducing rates of overweight and obesity in children remains a prominent public health priority. Parents have been shown to be a major influence on their children’s weight-related behaviors and weight status, but limited research has been devoted to exploring the factors that lead parents to select certain weight-related parenting practices over another. Past research has demonstrated a link between weight stigma (i.e., prejudicial attitudes or discriminatory behavior targeted at individuals who carry excess weight) and an individual’s own weight-related behaviors and outcomes, but no study has examined how parental levels of weight stigma may affect weight-related parenting practices. The primary objective of this study was to examine the cross-sectional associations between parental levels of weight-based stigmatization with parental feeding practices and parental support for physical activity. Responses were collected on Amazon’s Mechanical Turk website for n = 406 parents who 1) had at least one child aged 5-10 and 2) perceived themselves to be overweight or obese. After adjusting for relevant covariates, parental weight stigma was shown to be significantly associated with restrictive feeding practices, verbal modeling of eating behaviors, unintentional modeling of eating behaviors, child unhealthy snack consumption, and explicit modeling of physical activity (all ps < .05). A priori exploratory mediation analysis identified concern about child weight as a significant mediator between weight stigma and parental feeding practices. A discussion of the potential limitations of this study, future directions of research, and implications of these findings are included.
child obesity, feeding, parenting practices, physical activity support, weight stigma
ix, 160 pages
Includes bibliographical references (pages 135-160).
Copyright © 2019 Joshua M. Gold
Gold, Joshua M. "Investigating the relationship between parental weight stigma and weight-related parenting practices." PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) thesis, University of Iowa, 2019.