Document Type


Date of Degree

Fall 2010

Degree Name

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy)

Degree In

French and Francophone World Studies

First Advisor

Anny Curtius

Second Advisor

Michel Laronde

First Committee Member

Leo Eko

Second Committee Member

Geoffrey Hope

Third Committee Member

Roland Racevskis


This dissertation investigates the representation of labor in postcolonial immigration in French and Francophone Literature and Films. I analyze construction of identity among male immigrants through labor in the two novels Le Docker Noir (1956) by Ousmane Sembène and Mirages de Paris (1937) by Ousmane Diop. Immigrant women's labor situations are explored in the domestic sphere in Une esclave moderne by Akofa or the movie La noire de by Ousmane Sembène. I argue that these women laborers are "doubly colonized" through both gender and class. Finally I contend that neither La Sape nor sport and sexual labor help the integration of immigrant workers in France. Rather, disillusion and exploitation put an end once again to the adventure of young African candidates to immigration.


Diaspora, Immigration, Travail


vii, 287 pages


Includes bibliographical references (pages 276-287).


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Copyright 2010 Sonia D. Richardson