Speleothem evidence for changes in Indian summer monsoon precipitation over the last approximately 2300 years
DOI of Published Version
Speleothems from a well-ventilated dolomitic cave in the Pokhara Valley, central Nepal, preserve a mineralogic record of Indian summer monsoon variability over the past 2300 yr. Annually deposited aragonite layers formed between 2300 and 1500 yr B.P., indicating reduced monsoon precipitation and increased cave aridity, whereas alternating calcite/aragonite laminae deposited after 1500 yr B.P. record elevated summer monsoon precipitation and increased cave humidity. Dense, optically clear calcite layers deposited from 450 ± 5 to 360 ± 20 yr B.P. (1550 to 1640 A.D.) indicate a less-evaporative cave environment and suggest moister and/or cooler conditions, possibly related to climatic change associated with the onset of the Little Ice Age.
Published Article/Book Citation
Quaternary Research, 53:2 (2000) pp.196-202.