University of Iowa Honors Theses

Major Department

Philosophy

College

College of Liberal Arts & Sciences

Degree

BA (Bachelor of Arts)

Session and Year of Graduation

Fall 2017

Honors Major Advisor

Carrie Figdor

Thesis Mentor

Diane Jeske

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to evaluate a few alternative responses in the defense of rational egoism. I begin by exploring Galucon’s challenge to Socrates in Plato’s Republic as a goal to measure various theories against. Next, I discuss Thomas Hobbes’ theory of contracts and the necessity of a commonwealth and his “fools” objection, as presented in Leviathan. Then, I turn to David Gauthier and examine in depth his argument for constrained maximization in Morals by Agreement. I contend that in an attempt to provide a satisfactory response to both Glaucon and the Fool, Gauthier opens himself up to several major problems. I conclude by providing my own view, Cooperative Capital Contractarianism, and expanding on how it can effectively respond to the problems facing Gauthier’s view.

Total Pages

49

Copyright

Copyright © 2017 Nathan Davis

COinS
 

URL

https://ir.uiowa.edu/honors_theses/229