College of Liberal Arts & Sciences
BA (Bachelor of Arts)
Session and Year of Graduation
Honors Major Advisor
John S. Nelson
Previous studies have employed the bargaining model of war to explain likelihood of negotiation in intrastate conflict. Building upon this framework, this article provides an analysis of the effect of targeted UN sanctions on the onset of negotiations between warring parties in civil wars. Using novel monthly negotiation data and UN targeted sanction data from thirteen African civil wars between 1989 and 2020, my analysis finds that when sanctions target governments, negotiation onset is more likely. These findings contribute to the limited research on the effect of targeted sanctions on intrastate conflict and have important implications for policy-makers using sanctions as a tool of conflict resolution.
sanctions, intrastate conflict, civil war, UN sanction, negotiations, peace talks
2021 Katarina Newcamp