Application of a Nonhydrostatic Model to Flow in a Free Surface Fish Passage Facility
Journal of Hydraulic Engineering
DOI of Published Version
The free surface flow of two conceptual fish passage designs are investigated numerically by a level-set finite-element method. One design has a right-angled entrance from the reservoir to the fish passage chute, and the other has a curved-shaped entrance. The numerical results are validated with hydraulic experiments through comparison of the free surface location and the pressure distribution in the spillway. It is found that the right-angled design yields a curved free surface and pressure distribution in the vicinity of the entrance due to large strains, whereas the curved-shaped design yields a smooth flow transition with small strains. The negative pressure distributions near the ogee crest for both designs exhibit similar characteristics. Further downstream the free surface is elevated near the wall and is associated with counterrotating vortices. It is concluded that the curved-shaped design is favorable for fish passage because of the feature of a smooth flow transition with small strains. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]; Copyright of Journal of Hydraulic Engineering is the property of American Society of Civil Engineers and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
Sustainability, FINITE element method, FISHWAYS, SPILLWAYS, DIVERSION structures (Hydraulic engineering), FISHERY management, DAMS, Fish management, Free surfaces
Published Article/Book Citation
Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 134:7 (2008) pp.993-999.