NLM Title Abbreviation
DOI of Published Version
BACKGROUND: The use of Electronic Health Records (EHR) has increased significantly in the past 15 years. This study compares electronic vs. manual data abstractions from an EHR for accuracy. While the dataset is limited to preterm birth data, our work is generally applicable. We enumerate challenges to reliable extraction, and state guidelines to maximize reliability.
METHODS: An Epic™ EHR data extraction of structured data values from 1,772 neonatal records born between the years 2001-2011 was performed. The data were directly compared to a manually-abstracted database. Specific data values important to studies of perinatology were chosen to compare discrepancies between the two databases.
RESULTS: Discrepancy rates between the EHR extraction and the manual database were calculated for gestational age in weeks (2.6 %), birthweight (9.7 %), first white blood cell count (3.2 %), initial hemoglobin (11.9 %), peak total and direct bilirubin (11.4 % and 4.9 %), and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) diagnosis (12.8 %). Using the discrepancies, errors were quantified in both datasets using chart review. The EHR extraction errors were significantly fewer than manual abstraction errors for PDA and laboratory values excluding neonates transferred from outside hospitals, but significantly greater for birth weight. Reasons for the observed errors are discussed.
CONCLUSIONS: We show that an EHR not modified specifically for research purposes had discrepancy ranges comparable to a manually created database. We offer guidelines to minimize EHR extraction errors in future study designs. As EHRs become more research-friendly, electronic chart extractions should be more efficient and have lower error rates compared to manual abstractions.
OAfund, Prematurity, Neonatology, Bioinformatics, Data quality, Quality assurance, PEDs data registry, EHR and manual chart abstraction comparison, EHR vs. Manual chart abstraction, and difference in data quality
Journal Article Version
Version of Record
Published Article/Book Citation
Knake et al. BMC Pediatrics (2016) 16:59 DOI 10.1186/s12887-016-0592-z
© Knake et al. 2016
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.