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Document Type

Article

Peer Reviewed

1

DOI

10.17077/1536-8742.2148

Abstract

In the Late Anglo-Saxon illustrated manuscripts of Prudentius's Psychomachia, vice and virtue are often shown ambiguously and the audience is encouraged to question what is male and what is female, and whether such categories are appropriate in understanding these illustrations. This paper utilises transgender theory to demonstrate how gender could be deployed in Late Anglo-Saxon manuscripts to question the roles of men and women with the ultimate aim of stressing the importance of righteous behaviours.

Acknowledgements

My deepest thanks to the following for their feedback and advice: Dr Heather Pulliam, Professor Catherine Karkov, the attendees at the 2018 Gender and Medieval Society Conference held at Corpus Christi College Oxford, and Dr Dorothy Kim. Thanks also to my reviewers for their insightful comments and encouragement.

Keywords

Anglo-Saxon, Psychomachia, Manuscripts

Rights Information

Copyright © 2019 the author(s). Images © British Library Board (Approval has been granted for publication.)

Fig. 1 30v.tif (23597 kB)
Figure 1. Virtues Rejoice. Psychomachia, © British Library Board, Cleopatra C. viii, fol. 30v.

Fig.2 31r.tif (24430 kB)
Figure 2. Virtues Return to Camp. Psychomachia, © British Library Board, Cotton Cleopatra C. viii, fol. 31r.

fig. 3 5v.tif (22804 kB)
Figure 3. Libido Attacks Pudicitia. Psychomachia, © British Library Board, Additional MS 24199, fol. 5v.

fig 4.tif (20296 kB)
Figure 4. Pudicitia Strikes Libido. Psychomachia, © British Library Board, Additional MS 24199, fol. 6r.

fig 5 6r.tif (17523 kB)
Figure 5. Pudicitia Stabs Libido. Psychomachia, © British Library Board Additional MS 24199, fol. 6r.

fig 6 6v.tif (17688 kB)
Figure 6. Pudicitia Rebukes (Deceased) Libido. Psychomachia, © British Library Board, Additional MS 24199, fol. 6v.

fig 7 23r.tif (17588 kB)
Figure 7. Avaritia Suckles Offspring. Psychomachia, © British Library Board, Additional MS 24199, fol. 23r.

Additional Files

Fig. 1 30v.tif (23597 kB)
Figure 1. Virtues Rejoice. Psychomachia, © British Library Board, Cleopatra C. viii, fol. 30v.

Fig.2 31r.tif (24430 kB)
Figure 2. Virtues Return to Camp. Psychomachia, © British Library Board, Cotton Cleopatra C. viii, fol. 31r.

fig. 3 5v.tif (22804 kB)
Figure 3. Libido Attacks Pudicitia. Psychomachia, © British Library Board, Additional MS 24199, fol. 5v.

fig 4.tif (20296 kB)
Figure 4. Pudicitia Strikes Libido. Psychomachia, © British Library Board, Additional MS 24199, fol. 6r.

fig 5 6r.tif (17523 kB)
Figure 5. Pudicitia Stabs Libido. Psychomachia, © British Library Board Additional MS 24199, fol. 6r.

fig 6 6v.tif (17688 kB)
Figure 6. Pudicitia Rebukes (Deceased) Libido. Psychomachia, © British Library Board, Additional MS 24199, fol. 6v.

fig 7 23r.tif (17588 kB)
Figure 7. Avaritia Suckles Offspring. Psychomachia, © British Library Board, Additional MS 24199, fol. 23r.

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