School nurses' experiences with medication administration

Document Type


Peer Reviewed


Publication Date


NLM Title Abbreviation

J Sch Nurs

Journal/Book/Conference Title

The Journal of school nursing

PubMed ID



This article reports school nurses' experiences with medication administration through qualitative analyses of a written survey and focus groups. From a random sample of 1000 members of the National Association of School Nurses, 649 (64.9%) school nurses completed the survey. The quantitative data from the survey were presented previously. However, 470 respondents provided written comments on the survey. Comments on the eight items that had the most written comments were qualitatively analyzed. In addition, to clarify information obtained from the surveys, two focus groups with local school nurses were conducted. A constant comparative method of analysis was used, and results were combined from the two data sources. The combined analyses resulted in six final categories of concern: (a). delegation of medication administration, (b). comfort with delegation, (c). self-administration of medication, (d). medication administration errors, (e). storage of medication, and (f). administration policies. The findings suggest that school nurses across the country have similar concerns regarding the administration of medications in the school setting.


Clinical Nursing Research, Delegation, Professional, Drug Storage, Drug Therapy/nursing/statistics & numerical data, Female, Focus Groups, Health Care Surveys, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Nurse's Role, Qualitative Research, School Nursing/legislation & jurisprudence/standards/statistics & numerical data, Self Administration, United States

Published Article/Book Citation

The Journal of school nursing, 19:5 (2003) pp.281-287.

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