Title

Relationships Among Stress Measures, Risk Factors and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Law Enforcement Officers

Document Type

Article

Peer Reviewed

1

Publication Date

1-1-2011

NLM Title Abbreviation

Biol Res Nurs

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Biological research for nursing

PubMed ID

21362637

DOI of Published Version

10.1177/1099800410396356

Abstract

Law enforcement officers suffer higher morbidity and mortality rates from all causes than the general population. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for a significant portion of the excess illness, with a reported prevalence as high as 1.7 times that of the general population. To determine which occupational hazards cause this increased risk and morbidity, it is imperative to study law enforcement officers before they retire. The long-range goal of our research is to reduce the incidence of CVD-related illness and death among aging law enforcement officers. The purpose of the present study was to measure pro- and anti-atherogenic inflammatory markers in blood samples from law enforcement officers (n = 71) and determine what types of occupation-related stress correlate with differences in these markers. For each outcome variable of interest, we developed separate regression models. Two groups of potential predictors were examined for inclusion in the models. Selected measures of stress were examined for inclusion in the models, in addition to general covariates, such as gender, ethnicity, years in law enforcement, and body mass index. Our results revealed statistically significant relationships between several physiologic variables and measures of stress.

Published Article/Book Citation

Biological research for nursing, : (2011) pp.-. DOI:10.1177/1099800410396356.

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URL

https://ir.uiowa.edu/nursing_pubs/1109