Title

Relationship of cardiovascular disease to stress and vital exhaustion in an urban, midwestern police department

Document Type

Article

Peer Reviewed

1

Publication Date

5-1-2011

NLM Title Abbreviation

Aaohn J

Journal/Book/Conference Title

AAOHN journal

PubMed ID

21534494

DOI of Published Version

10.3928/08910162-20110418-02;

Abstract

This study explored risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among 336 officers of a Midwestern police force. Instruments used included the Perceived Stress Scale, the Maastricht Questionnaire (measuring vital exhaustion), and a general Health Risk Appraisal. Rates of CVD, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia were 3%, 28%, and 43%, respectively. The relative risk of hypercholesterolemia for male officers, compared to female officers, was 1.98 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10 to 3.56). The officers' average body mass index was 28.6 (SD = 4.9), with 80% being overweight or obese. The average vital exhaustion score was higher for female officers than male officers (p < .05). Bivariate relationships of CVD with perceived stress, vital exhaustion, and age were statistically significant (p < .05). When controlling for age, odds ratios were 1.20 (95% CI, 1.03 to 1.39; p < .05) for perceived stress and 1.31 (95% CI, 1.12 to 1.53; p < .01) for vital exhaustion.

Published Article/Book Citation

AAOHN journal, 59:5 (2011) pp.221-227. DOI:10.3928/08910162-20110418-02;.

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URL

https://ir.uiowa.edu/nursing_pubs/1114