Nonpharmacologic treatment of pain
NLM Title Abbreviation
Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am
Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
DOI of Published Version
Nonpharmacologic interventions for pain treatment are important complementary therapies but are not substitutes for pharmacologic management of pain. Use of nonpharmacologic pain treatments in critical care settings is helpful to decrease pain, but the challenge remains for nurses to have the knowledge, time, and skill to use these interventions in a busy daily practice with severely ill patients. Although numerous studies testing the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic interventions for pain management are available, the varying methods and interventions used in these studies make it difficult to draw conclusions. Further research on the use of these interventions for pain reduction is necessary to determine the most effective treatments and the conditions under which they should be used.
Attention, Cognitive Therapy/methods, Cold Temperature, Hot Temperature/therapeutic use, Humans, Pain/therapy, Physical Therapy Modalities/methods, Relaxation Therapy, Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation, Vibration
Published Article/Book Citation
Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America, 13:2 (2001) pp.221-232.