Volume Measures Using a Digital Image Analysis System are Reliable in Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Document Type


Peer Reviewed


Publication Date


NLM Title Abbreviation


Journal/Book/Conference Title

Wounds: A Compendium of Clinical Research & Practice

PubMed ID


Start Page


End Page



Reliable measures of wound size are critical to wound healing research and clinical management. Measurement of full-thickness wounds is increasingly being done using digital images and photogrammetric software, such as VeVMD (Vista Medical, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada), to estimate wound volume. The reliability of VeVMD in determining wound volume is unknown. The present study sought to examine the reliability of wound volume measurements obtained using VeVMD. Methods. A cross-sectional study of adults with full-thickness, neuropathic, diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) at 2 sites in the US Midwest was undertaken. Ulcer images were obtained, stored, and used to obtain measures of wound volume using VeVMD. Four raters independently completed wound measures, and then repeated these measures 2 weeks after the first measurement. Raters were blinded to the comparison measurements. Inter- and intra-rater correlations were computed. Results. Thirty-three enrolled subjects with 33 DFU were included in the analyses. Inter-rater reliability was 0.745 and intra-rater reliability was 0.868. Four ulcers showed noticeably less agreement between raters; these ulcers had small, but deeply recessed areas, resulting in differences in defining the wound margin. When these 4 ulcers were removed, inter- and intra-rater reliabilities were excellent (0.970 and 0.981, respectively). Conclusion. Reliabilities of volume measurements obtained with VeVMD were acceptable in DFU, even when raters had different definitions of the ulcer margin or changed their definition from time to time. However, conclusions cannot be drawn regarding the performance of VeVMD in other wound types.

Published Article/Book Citation

Wounds: A Compendium of Clinical Research & Practice, 24:6 (2012) pp.146-151.

This document is currently not available here.