The Effect of a Translating Research into Practice (TRIP)-Cancer Intervention on Cancer Pain Management in Older Adults in Hospice

Document Type


Peer Reviewed


Publication Date


NLM Title Abbreviation

Pain Med

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.)

PubMed ID


DOI of Published Version



Background. Pain is a major concern for individuals with cancer, particularly older adults who make up the largest segment of individuals with cancer and who have some of the most unique pain challenges. One of the priorities of hospice is to provide a pain-free death, and while outcomes are better in hospice, patients still die with poorly controlled pain. Objective. This article reports on the results of a Translating Research into Practice intervention designed to promote the adoption of evidence-based pain practices for older adults with cancer in community-based hospices. Setting. This Institutional Human Subjects Review Board-approved study was a cluster randomized controlled trial implemented in 16 Midwestern hospices. Methods. Retrospective medical records from newly admitted patients were used to determine the intervention effect. Additionally, survey and focus group data gathered from hospice staff at the completion of the intervention phase were analyzed. Results. Improvement on the Cancer Pain Practice Index, an overall composite outcome measure of evidence-based practices for the experimental sites, was not significantly greater than control sites. Decrease in patient pain severity from baseline to post-intervention in the experimental group was greater; however, the result was not statistically significant (P = 0.1032). Conclusions. Findings indicate a number of factors that may impact implementation of multicomponent interventions, including unique characteristics and culture of the setting, the level of involvement with the change processes, competing priorities and confounding factors, and complexity of the innovation (practice change). Our results suggest that future study is needed on specific factors to target when implementing a community-based hospice intervention, including determining and measuring intervention fidelity prospectively.

Published Article/Book Citation

Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.), : (2012) pp.-. DOI:10.1111/j.1526-4637.2012.01405.x;.

This document is currently not available here.