Factors influencing nurses' aides' provision of oral care for nursing facility residents

Document Type


Peer Reviewed


Publication Date


NLM Title Abbreviation

Spec Care Dentist

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Special care in dentistry

PubMed ID


Start Page


End Page



Nurses' aides provide the majority of direct care for nursing facility residents. This study investigated aides' self-reported oral care activities and personal, job, organizational, and resident factors associated with oral care. A 30-item questionnaire was completed by 488 aides, and interviews were conducted with 65 of these aides. Aides were performing oral care activities for residents. Associations between some of the four groups of factors proposed and aides' oral care provision were found. Aides' attitudes toward oral care, lack of time and staff to complete oral care, and behavioral and physical difficulties with residents may have affected the time spent by these aides in providing oral care. The study highlighted the need for further investigation and assessment of (1) aides' CNA training courses and (2) continuing oral health educational interventions in nursing facilities. Personal interview were found to be a useful qualitative instrument for conducting dental research in nursing facilities. Further investigation is needed of interviews and other methodologies, such as observation, to supplement self-report as a measure of aides' oral care activities.


Activities of Daily Living, Aged, Analysis of Variance, Attitude of Health Personnel, Chi-Square Distribution, Dental Care for Aged/nursing, Female, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Nurses' Aides/education/psychology, Nursing Homes, Oral Hygiene/nursing, Questionnaires

Published Article/Book Citation

Special care in dentistry, 16:2 (1996) pp.71-79.

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