Impact of parent-provided distraction on child responses to an IV insertion
NLM Title Abbreviation
Child Health Care
Children's Health Care
DOI of Published Version
This study evaluates the impact of parent-provided distraction on children's responses (behavioral, physiological, parent, and self-report) during an IV insertion. Participants were 542 children, 4 to 10 years old, randomized to an experimental group that received a parent distraction coaching intervention or to routine care. Experimental group children had significantly less cortisol responsivity (p = .026). Children that received the highest level of distraction coaching had the lowest distress on behavioral, parent report, and cortisol measures. When parents provide a higher frequency and quality of distraction, children have lower distress responses on most measures.
Catheterization, Peripheral -- Psychosocial Factors, Distraction, Parents, Chi Square Test, Child, Child, Preschool, Clinical Assessment Tools, Clinical Trials, Confidence Intervals, Female, Funding Source, Human, Hydrocortisone -- Blood, Kruskal-Wallis Test, Logistic Regression, Male, Midwestern United States, Questionnaires, Random Assignment, Repeated Measures, Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test
Published Article/Book Citation
Children's Health Care, 39:2 (2010) pp.125-141. DOI:10.1080/02739611003679915.