Nursing management innovations: a need for systematic evaluation

J. C. McCloskey
M. Mass
Carol A. Watson, University of Iowa
C. Gongaware
Diane L. Huber, University of Iowa
M. Blegen
M. Johnson
A. Kasparek
C. Delaney
K. Kelly


While emphasis in nursing is placed on research on clinical interventions, there has been little attention to the equally important management interventions. The concept of a management intervention or innovation is introduced here and five types of management innovations in nursing are identified. An overview of the research base for four of the innovations demonstrates the need for systematic evaluation.