Ability evaluation by proxy: role of maximal performance and related attributes in social comparison
NLM Title Abbreviation
J Pers Soc Psychol
Journal of personality and social psychology
DOI of Published Version
Four experiments tested the effects of information about a proxy's related attributes and maximal effort in social comparisons of ability. In Study 1, a proxy's prior performance at maximal effort exerted systematic effects on participants' personal performance predictions for a novel task. When information about the proxy's effort was ambiguous (Study 2). information about related attribute similarity was used in the formulation of performance predictions. In Studies 3 and 4, 2-way interaction terms revealed that participants used related attribute information in generating performance predictions when the proxy's maximum effort was unknown. However, related attribute information was disregarded when proxy's maximum effort was unambiguous. Results were consistent with the proxy comparison model of ability self-evaluation (L. Wheeler, R. Martin, & J. Suls, 1997).
Achievement, Adolescent, Adult, Aptitude, Awareness, Female, Humans, Individuality, Internal-External Control, Male, Motivation, Problem Solving, Social Perception
Published Article/Book Citation
Journal of personality and social psychology, 82:5 (2002) pp.781-791. DOI:10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1681.