Title

Ability evaluation by proxy: role of maximal performance and related attributes in social comparison

Document Type

Article

Peer Reviewed

1

Publication Date

5-1-2002

NLM Title Abbreviation

J Pers Soc Psychol

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of personality and social psychology

PubMed ID

12003477

DOI of Published Version

10.1037/0022-3514.82.5.781

Abstract

Four experiments tested the effects of information about a proxy's related attributes and maximal effort in social comparisons of ability. In Study 1, a proxy's prior performance at maximal effort exerted systematic effects on participants' personal performance predictions for a novel task. When information about the proxy's effort was ambiguous (Study 2). information about related attribute similarity was used in the formulation of performance predictions. In Studies 3 and 4, 2-way interaction terms revealed that participants used related attribute information in generating performance predictions when the proxy's maximum effort was unknown. However, related attribute information was disregarded when proxy's maximum effort was unambiguous. Results were consistent with the proxy comparison model of ability self-evaluation (L. Wheeler, R. Martin, & J. Suls, 1997).

Keywords

Achievement, Adolescent, Adult, Aptitude, Awareness, Female, Humans, Individuality, Internal-External Control, Male, Motivation, Problem Solving, Social Perception

Published Article/Book Citation

Journal of personality and social psychology, 82:5 (2002) pp.781-791. DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.82.5.781.

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URL

https://ir.uiowa.edu/nursing_pubs/895