Effect of the local anesthetic agent bupivacaine prior to application of the skull-pin holder for craniotomies
OBJECT: The authors conducted a double-blind prospective randomized study to determine whether infiltration of Mayfield skull-pin sites with 0.5% bupivacaine, compared with placebo, would prevent hemodynamic stimulation, thus allowing for a reduction in the quantity of anesthetic agents required. METHODS: Thirty patients were randomized into two groups. There was a significant increase in blood pressure (mean systolic blood pressure 10 mm Hg, p = 0.003) in patients in the placebo group compared with that in patients in the bupivacaine group 1 minute after securing the head holder. CONCLUSIONS: The local administration of bupivacaine for anesthetic purposes before skull-pin application may prevent potentially hazardous hemodynamic stimulation.