Three kinds of opinion comparison: The triadic model
NLM Title Abbreviation
Pers Soc Psychol Rev
Personality and Social Psychology Review
DOI of Published Version
This at-ride introduces the triadic model, which proposes that the social comparison of opinion is best considered in terms of 3 different evaluative questions: preference assessment (i.e., "Do I like X?"), belief assessment (i.e., "Is X correct?"), and preference prediction (i.e., "Will I like X?"). Each evaluative question is associated with a different comparison dynamic. The triadic model proposes that comparisons with persons similar in related attributes have special importance for preference assessment. For belief assessment, comparisons with persons of more advantaged status (or "expert") are most meaningful, although comparison targets also should hold certain basic values in common (the "similar expert"). Finally, in preference prediction, the most meaningful comparisons are with a person who has already experienced X (a proxy) and who exhibits either consistency (but not necessarily similarity) in related attributes or past preferences. Prior research and 4 new studies are described that support the theory.
Published Article/Book Citation
Personality and Social Psychology Review, 4:3 (2000) pp.219-237. DOI:doi: 10.1207/S15327957PSPR0403_2.