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Peer Reviewed


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NLM Title Abbreviation

Int J Environ Res Public Health

Journal/Book/Conference Title

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

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DOI of Published Version


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Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is a commonly used organophosphate insecticide (OP). In adults, exposure to OPs has been inconsistently associated with reduced lung function. OP exposure and lung function has not been assessed in adolescents. The objective of this study was to assess CPF exposure and lung function among Egyptian adolescents. We conducted a 10-month study of male adolescent pesticide applicators (n = 38) and non-applicators of similar age (n = 24). Urinary 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TPCy), a CPF-specific metabolite, was analyzed in specimens collected throughout the study. Spirometry was performed twice after pesticide application: day 146, when TCPy levels were elevated and day 269, when TCPy levels were near baseline. Applicators had higher levels of TCPy (mean cumulative TCPy day 146 = 33,217.6; standard deviation (SD) = 49,179.3) than non-applicators (mean cumulative TCPy day 146 = 3290.8; SD = 3994.9). Compared with non-applicators, applicators had higher odds of reporting wheeze, odds ratio = 3.41 (95% CI: 0.70; 17.41). Cumulative urinary TCPy was inversely associated with spirometric measurements at day 146, but not at day 269. Although generally non-significant, results were consistent with an inverse association between exposure to CPF and lung function.


OAfund, chlorpyrifos, lung function, adolescents

Journal Article Version

Version of Record

Published Article/Book Citation

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11:12 (2014) pp. 13117-13129, doi:10.3390/ijerph111213117


Copyright © 2014, Catherine L. Callahan, Manal Al-Batanony, Ahmed A. Ismail, Gaafar Abdel-Rasoul, Olfat Hendy, James R. Olson, Diane S. Rohlman, and Matthew R. Bonner.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License